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Object detection and segregation

 

 

Planning:

This project is very important for us according to Our carrier point of view.

So we were quit sensitive  about final year project. We want to make project on industry so that we can implement it in that . Today we know that Punjab’s industry is passing from a slump because of lack of technology as campare to other parts of India and china. Man power is main factor in increasing cost of Indian products. So its engineer’s duty to reduce the cost and make it manpower independent. So we left our first idea to make project on electricity theft detection. Because still there are lots of drawbacks in that project and industrial project is more important for us. After that we decided to make project on GPS SYSTEM. We left that idea because of lack of sources. In the last we decided to make project on INDUSTRIAL CONVEYOR AUTOMATION. We discussed it with our guide and they permit to work on this project

Reason-

Availability of components

Industrial project

Related to automation

Economic budget

 

 

Introduction:

In this project we will make project on robotics. As we know in production plants of any company, it is divided in to main portions like PCB assembly, main assembly, packing, store. All departments are connected through conveyors. all departments gets fixed material for productions purpose. But sometimes it become difficult and worker place materials boxes on conveyor and move to other department. To stop moving  material to other we cant assign a worker on conveyor. So we are making project to segregate that type of material.

A mechanical device that sometimes resembles a human and is capable of performing a variety of often complex human tasks on command or by being programmed in advance is defined as a robot

A Robot never becomes fulfill until it can take decisions. We can’t go for computers for the computation & intelligence. But we can use single chip microcontrollers for controlling. This robot is not going to do any big tasks there will only be predefined tasks. The robot’s full control is embedded into one chip which is otherwise known as embedded systems designing.

To make a robot we must surely know to at least use a single microcontroller. So let us see about Embedded System thru 8051.

In this project we show that how we convert simple robotic arm  into a fully automatic robotic arm..  After putting a automation logic it is  very useful for industrial automation.

In this project we use   many step to  control automation system.

 CONVEYER BELT SYSTEM.

INFRA RED SENSOR INTERRUPTION LOGIC.

 AUTO GRIPPER SYSTEM

In this project we use slow speed motor to tune the stepper motor.  Here in this project we use slow speed dc gear motor to run the conveyer belt. Start signal is provided by the microcontroller circuit. In the main unit when  the supply unit is on, then conveyer belt is not start automatically. Start switch of the conveyer belt is provided by the microcontroller. First work of the microcontroller is to start the conveyer belt after pressing a switch and  now monitor the infra red sensor for reflection.After conveyer belt is start then our infra red sensor monitor the object which is object the high of regulator object. When conveyer belt is start then object is move on the belt. If the object is suitable for the machine then object move on the belt but if the object is above height then infra red sensor sense the signal with the help of reflection from the object. When infra red sensor reflect the rays then machine sense the signal through photodiode . Photodiode and infra red sensor connected in pair with the one certain height. When any object is passing in the front of the sensor then  object reflect the signal and at this time machine sense the signal and conveyer belt is stop.Now conveyer is stop automatically and gripper connected above the  sensor is activate automatically and grip the object. For the gripper we use second dc gear motor. Control signal to grip the object is provided by  the microcontroller itself. After gripping the object third motor is start and  move the robotic hand to other side , after some delay third motor is stop and now gripper is open itself and through the object in the basket.  After throwing the object in the basket third motor is again start then move the robotic hand to  reverse side with the same delay and star the conveyer belt  automatically

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADVANTAGES

·        Low cost

·        Reliable

·        Portable

·        Flexible  due to microcntroller

·        Easy to use- system is very easy to understand

Features-

·        DC motor control

·        IR sensor Interface

·        REED switch control

Result

We want to make project on industrial automation

Hardware required-

·        8051 programmer universal kit

·        CRO

·        Cutter

·        Screw driver

·        Digital multimeter

Software required:

·        UMPS compliler or RIDE

·        ORCAD for PCB design

·        Proteus for simulation

 

Components Required:-

Motors Dc 12 volt

Tr 558

Transistors 548

Seven segment display

Reed sensors

Ir sensors

Buzzer

In4001 diodes

Parllel connector

Connecting wire

7805 voltage regulator

transformer 12 v

cap 1000µf,470µf

Push to on switch

Software  required

Keil

UMPS

Sprog wx

Win xp

Notepad 

 

 

 

 

Component List

 

 

 

S.No.

Item

Quantity

Rate/Unit

 Rate(Rs.)

1

MCU 89C051

1

80

80

2

Push to On Sw

3

12

36

3

SOLDERING WIRE

1

25

25

4

SOLDERING IRON

1

120

120

5

FLUX

1

10

10

6

CONNECTING WIRE

1

50

50

7

TR548

2

2

4

8

TR558

2

2

4

9

RESISTENCES

20

0.5

10

10

CAPACITORS

 

 

0

11

1000µf

2

10

20

12

LCD

1

180

180

13

470µf

4

5

20

14

DIODES

8

1

8

15

LED

8

1

8

16

Crystal 12MHz

2

25

50

17

IC BASE

3

5

15

18

DC motor

1

450

450

19

IC 7805 Volt.

2

15

30

20

TRANSFORMER 9 V

1

150

150

21

SOCKETS

3

10

30

22

buzzer

2

25

50

23

PCB

1

1500

1500

24

pc 817

2

15

30

25

PLY BOARD

1

100

100

26

TAPE ROLL

1

10

10

27

Copper Clad Board

1

100

100

28

FeCl3

1

100

100

29

Screws/bolt

2

2

4

30

Batteries

1

15

15

 

TOTAL COST

 

 

3090

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography:

 

www.mcuprojects.com

 

http://www.kmitl.ac.th/~kswichit%20/#8051

 

www.ludhianaprojects.com/projects.htm