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ADVANCED CAR PARKING SYSTEM

With counter

 

INTRODUCTION:

In this project we show that how we use the sensor for advanced car parking system. In this project we will count the number of cars enter in the parking and decrement no of left the car parking. we also show the parking space, for that we will use magnetic sensors. They will detect the signal and will give it micontroller. Microcontroller will get the signal and will display where is the space to park the car on priority basis.

 

In this project we use ic 89c2051 micro controller to run the counter. 89c2051 is a 20 pin controller from the 8051 family. 8051 family is a 40 pin  ic. In this project we use one dc motor  for the lift. Few reed or infrared sensor to monitor the car and few sensor to reed check out car and give signal to microcontroller.

In this project when any vehicle will cross the sensors then sensor s will give signal to microcontroller. Microcontroller will update the counter. In the similar way when car will leave the parking then it will decrement the counter.

 

There will be barrier which will close when parking reach at maximum value . it will open barrier when any car will leave the  parking.

 

Project is very  important acc to currently parking system. It will help the contractor to check the overall status. It will also decrement the manpower requirement.

MICROCONTROLLER.

In this project we use micro controller to control the direction of motor with proximity switches and monitor the  space of the  parking. Here in this project we use ic 89c2051 controller to sense all the logic. 89c2051 is a 20 pin member of the main 40 pin controller. We use 89c2051 because here in this project we use only 2 output for motor and control signal is only four. Out of four sensor, two sensor  is for the floor  and two sensor for the space. 89c2051 is a small micro controller with 128 byte of ram and 2 k byte of flash memory.

 

How to program a microcontroller.

For programming purpose we wrote a program in the assembly language and  we use any 8051 assembler to assemble the software .

 

Components used:

 

Item

Qty.

 ID

OPTOCOUPLER

2

IC 817

mcU

1

IC 89C2051

CRYSTAL

1

12 MHZ

CERAMIC

2

27 PF

CONNECTING WIRES

 

 

IC BASE

1

20 PIN

LCD

1

16 PIN

LEDS

5

RED 15 MM

REGULATOR

1

7805

CAP

1

1000 MICROFARAD

TR

2

TR548

 

2

TR 558

MICRO SWITCHES

2

PUSH TO ON

REED SENSOR

6

MAGNETIC

Stepper motor

1

12v

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Applications:

 

  1. used for automatic carparking in advance system
  2.  for automation in industry carrying raw material like machines, machines parts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography:

For steppr motor

www.steppermotor.doc

 

for 89c2051

http://www.8052.it/download.htm

http://www.rentron.com/at89c205.htm

 

programming

http://www.avocetsystems.com/company/other/predemo.htm