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GSM BASED COLONY AUTOMATION

 

 

INTRODUCTION &WORKING:-

In this project we can control  street lights , water pump and main power line  through mobile or landline from any part of the country.  In this project one base unit is connected to the basic landline in parallel with the land line phone.. When we want to control any electrical appliances through outer phone then first we  dial the home number, bell is ringing and after few bell phone is automatic on and switch on the base unit  to operate. Now we press the single digital excess code, if the excess code is ok then unit give a  tone pulse and switch on the base unit. Now again we press the switch on/off code to on/off any electrical appliances. With the help of this code unit is on and base unit give a acknowledge pulse for on and off separately.

 

Complete circuit is divided  into three parts.

1.                 DTMF DECODER

2.                 MICROCONTROLLER

3.                 AUTOMATIC ON THROUGH OUTER PHONE

 

 

DTMF DECODER.

In dtmf decoder circuit we use ic 8870 ic. IC 8870 is a dtmf decoder ic. IC 8870  converts the dual tones to corresponding binary outputs.

 

DTMF SIGNALLING.    Ac register signaling is used in dtmf telephones, here tones rather than make/break pulse are used fro dialing, each dialed digit is uniquely represented by a pair of sine waves tones. These tones ( one from low group for row and another from high group fro column) are sent to the exchange when a digit is dialed by pushing the key, these tone lies within the speech band of 300 to 3400 hz, and are chosen so as to minimize the possibility of any valid frequency pair existing in normal speech simultaneously. Actually, this minimisator is made possible by forming pairs with one tone from the higher group and the other from the lower of frequencies. A valid dtmf signal is the sum of two tones, one from a lower  group ( 697-940 Hz) and the other from a a higher group ( 1209-1663 Hz). Each group contains four individual tones.  This scheme allows 10 unique combinations. Ten of these code represent digits 1  through 9 and 0. . tones in DTMF dialing  are so chose that none of the tones is harmonic of  are other tone. Therefore  is no change of distortion caused by harmonics. Each tone is sent as along as the key remains pressed. The dtmf signal contains only one component from each  of the high and low group. This significaly simplifies decoding because the composite dtmf signal may be separated with band pass filters into single frequency components, each of which may be handled individually.

 

COMPONENTS REQUIRED

MICROCONTROLLER 89C051

DTMF DECODER CM8870

DECODER IC 74LS154

IC 4049

RELAYS- 180 OHM 12V

RESISTANCES- 100OHM,22K,220K,330K

CAPACITORS- 1000F,470F,33PF,1F

TRANSFORMER 12 V

REGULATOR- 7805

TIMER NE555

DECADE  COUNTER IC 4017

ELECTRICAL SWITCHES

PLYBOARD

COPPER CLAD BOARD

FECL3

SOFTWARE REQUIRED

UMPS COMPILER,ORCAD, PROGRAMMER

PLANNING

STEPS

TIME

RESPONSIBILTY

PROJECTS SELECTION

 

 

CIRCUIT AND THEORY ARRANGEMENT

 

 

CHECKING AVAILABILITY OF COMPONENTS

 

 

TESTING CIRCUIT

 

 

PCB DESIGN

 

 

COMPONENT INSERTION AND SOLDERING

 

 

TESTING

 

 

REWORK  OR TROOUBLE SHOOTING

 

 

 

Bibliography

www.electrofriends.com

www.8052projects.com

www.8051.com

www.atmel.com